Please provide your email address.Please provide a valid email address.

Please provide your password.

Forgot Password? Click Here.

First Time User? Click here to Signup
Resource Center
December 22, 2017

The Government of India’s recent “in principle” clearance to the international airport at Jewar, off Delhi, 16 years after the idea was first floated, is one of the sever

Sustainability is a choice – if we have the courage to make it 
September 27, 2017

Declaring 2017 as the year of Sustainable Tourism has once again served to highlight how unsustainable mainstream tourism..

India Is Weaponizing its Spiritual Tourists 
August 09, 2017

Every July, thousands of buses, trucks, cars, mules, and palanquin bearers crawl up 12, 768  treacherous feet of mountainous terrain to reach the Amarnath cav..

Caught In The Legal Mesh 
July 05, 2017
The Access to justice study was conducted in 2or6 to assess the ability of sexually exploited children to access the criminal judicial process in India...
The Report Documents How Amarnath Yatra is Used As a Right-Wing Nationalist Battle Cry By the State’ 
June 10, 2017

I remember as a kid in the month of August a few dozen buses full of Yatri

  • Key Interventions
  • Resources
  • Overview

Here you can find the Key Interventions (Campaigns, Events and Other Interventions) related to this State. These can be sorted year wise. On clicking a Title, you can read online and download the respective Key Intervention.


Filter    By Year : 
No content available.

Here you can find Resources (Papers, Publications and Presentations) linked to this State. These can be sorted year wise. On clicking a Title, you can read online and download the respective Resource. Please do acknowledge EQUATIONS when quoting from or using these resources in any manner.


Filter    By Year : 
No content available.

The document “North Eastern Region Vision 2020”
of the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (MDoNER) and the North Eastern Council (NEC) has noted “Tourism is a sector with a very high potential for generating income and employment. With its moderate climate most of the year, scenic splendour, and robust and varied cultural attractions, the region is ideal for tourism. The focus, however, should be on high-value tourism which will require close collaboration with the private sector hospitality industry, building high-quality infrastructure and well-targeted promotion. Annual music and dance carnivals held in different parts of the North East, with national and international participation, could help attract visitors at these times.”

Local community at Khonoma clearing the path for a road, Khonoma Green Village Project, Nagaland, 2004Policy directives such as this and the Look East policy have made a push for infrastructure led tourism development in this ecologically fragile region also riddled with conflicts and violence  economic challenges and a sense of cultural and political alienation and distance from the Indian mainstream.

A significant amount of direct involvement by EQUATIONS in the Northeast region has centred in Nagaland. In 2002, the Department of Tourism Government of Nagaland had organised a North East seminar on Ecotourism in Kohima, Nagaland. EQUATIONS had a special role in evolving the design of the seminar and finalising the list of speakers and resources persons based on their contribution to sustainability in tourism. We also shared EQUATIONS experience and recommendations on the issues and challenges in sustainable and community based tourism development in the context of the North East region. In that year we also submitted two proposals. On the invitation of Secretary Tourism, we submitted a proposal in association with Biodiversity Conservation (India) limited, to the Department of Tourism, Government of Nagaland to prepare a composite plan for making Khonoma an eco-destination. We also submitted a proposal to the Department of Tourism for taking up a pilot project involving Kohima Circuit as a model project of community based sustainable tourism in Nagaland under the scheme “Integrated Development of Tourism Circuits – North East circuit (Kohima)” under the central sector Ministry of Tourism Government of India.

Women from local communities attending workshop, Nagaland, 2004Our work in Khonoma in Nagaland (on the first proposal which was called “Khonoma Green Village project” 2003-04) aimed at transforming perspectives and paradigms about the way tourism is constructed and implemented. Our role was in   advising on and supervising implementation of ecologically sensitive and community managed tourism. We facilitated Environment Impact Assessment in the area with the involvement of a team of village youth to understand the potential environmental impacts of tourism in the region, and devise appropriate tourism products. Subsequently, some of the aspects of this project did not work out in tune with the principles that were originally planned, given the complex set of actors, stakeholders and dynamics in any such “multi-stakeholder” process. However this experience brought in many valuable paradigms and lessons. In the backdrop of the communitisation of tourism assets policy of the government of Nagaland, the aspect of community control and communities influencing the nature and implementation of tourism was one such key aspect. The other was the ecological sustainability of tourism infrastructure and products. The third was the need for tourism development to take into account the primary development needs of the community. Before rushing into souvenir shops and touristy products, the Khonoma green village project prioritised the quality of life issues of the villagers by introducing solar heating , pathways, management of waste and sanitation for the village communities first. These principles strongly influenced the design of the Endogenous Tourism project over several sites in rural India a few years later (2006-2009).

Khonoma Village View, Nagaland, 2004In 2003-04 EQUATIONS was also invited as a consultancy team member for the Tourism Sector Policy and strategy Development Programme for the Government of Nagaland. The consortium of UNDP – UNWTO ran the programme from November 2003 to June 2004 aiming at community development fostering community based tourism by maximising socio-economic benefits and minimising negative impacts. We also contributed to the State Human Development report in that year on tourism issues.

Two other issues we worked on are not specific to Nagaland alone but relate to the North East region as a whole. This pertains to the role of International Financial Organisations and their role in promoting tourism in the North Eastern region. In the Asian Development Bank’s sub-regional SASEC plan, tourism is one of the priority sectors identified. EQUATIONS in 2006, researched a paper on ADB-SASEC tourism plans for the NE and potential impacts, sharing critical perspectives on tourism and increasing awareness on its potential adverse impacts if unregulated. In a workshop “Understanding International Financial Institutions” at Mawlien, Meghalaya in April 2006 in a meeting organised by Intercultural Resources, River Basin Friends, Arunachal Pradesh Citizen’s Rights, CCDD, DICE Foundation, Forum for Indigenous Perspectives and Action, Peoples’ Movement for Subansiri Valley, Indigenous and Tribal Development Centre, Krishak Mukti Sangram Samiti and Centre for Peace and Development, North-eastern Social Research Center. The meeting was attended by a diverse range of people to share & debate on critical questions and to devise a long-term strategy to respond to developments in the region. Another workshop “Training and Capacity Building Workshops on Tourism in the North east”, Akajan, Assam in November 2006, furthered awareness and advocacy on tourism impacts in the NE. The workshops helped improve the understanding of groups working in the region on tourism, highlight critical issues and improve their local monitoring and research skills. An analysis of Manipur Tourism Policy (2006) was undertaken based on a request from our network partners in Manipur, to help them take mobilising and advocacy work further with the other partners and the state.

In 2008 we were engaged in two campaigns related to the promotion of tourism in the region. A campaign letter was sent to the Ministry for Development of the North Eastern Region (MDoNER) highlighting our concerns about the proposal of MDoNER of promoting the North- East as a destination for Leave Travel Concession (LTC) travellers. Our concern was based on our observation of the negative fallout of a similar strategy in the Andamans. Similarly a campaign letter questioning the withdrawal of the Inner Line Permit to facilitate tourism was based on the observation and position that in many North Eastern region states the Government at the centre and state level have not addressed long standing human rights violations and the imposition of draconian laws such as the Armed Forces Special Powers Act. These we believe are priorities in a region ridden by violence and conflict. A seemingly naïve approach to remove barriers to the promotion of tourism in the region without consideration of its linkages to the complex geo-political situation there is what we question.

Click on the ‘Resources’ tab above to read Nagaland related papers, publications and presentations.

Click on the ‘Key Interventions’ tab above to know about Nagaland related campaigns, events and interventions.
Indian States