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Resource Center
Is India Trying to Subdue Kashmir Through Religious Tourism? 
July 17, 2018
The Indian state under the increasing influence of Hindu nationalism is using Hindu pilgrimage sites..
“Aswachh Bharat” marks Amarnath yatra 
July 15, 2018

Tourism and Plastic: Exploring the Contours 

June 04, 2018
The threat that plastic poses to the health of the planet has been raising alarm bells for some time..
As Women, Are We Really Economically Empowered A view from the point of view of Tourism 
April 10, 2018

Do we enjoy the same quality of life as our male counterparts? How can we, when the figures of women..

Meet the Majid Squad, a Group that Voluntarily Cleans Filth on Amarnath Yatra Routes 
January 29, 2018
Notwithstanding the National Green Tribunal directions, Governor N N Vohra recently decided that a 60-day-long..
  • Key Interventions
  • Resources
  • Overview

Here you can find the Key Interventions (Campaigns, Events and Other Interventions) related to this State. These can be sorted year wise. On clicking a Title, you can read online and download the respective Key Intervention.


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Here you can find Resources (Papers, Publications and Presentations) linked to this State. These can be sorted year wise. On clicking a Title, you can read online and download the respective Resource. Please do acknowledge EQUATIONS when quoting from or using these resources in any manner.


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The document “North Eastern Region Vision 2020”
of the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (MDoNER) and the North Eastern Council (NEC) has noted “Tourism is a sector with a very high potential for generating income and employment. With its moderate climate most of the year, scenic splendour, and robust and varied cultural attractions, the region is ideal for tourism. The focus, however, should be on high-value tourism which will require close collaboration with the private sector hospitality industry, building high-quality infrastructure and well-targeted promotion. Annual music and dance carnivals held in different parts of the North East, with national and international participation, could help attract visitors at these times.”

Local community at Khonoma clearing the path for a road, Khonoma Green Village Project, Nagaland, 2004Policy directives such as this and the Look East policy have made a push for infrastructure led tourism development in this ecologically fragile region also riddled with conflicts and violence  economic challenges and a sense of cultural and political alienation and distance from the Indian mainstream.

A significant amount of direct involvement by EQUATIONS in the Northeast region has centred in Nagaland. In 2002, the Department of Tourism Government of Nagaland had organised a North East seminar on Ecotourism in Kohima, Nagaland. EQUATIONS had a special role in evolving the design of the seminar and finalising the list of speakers and resources persons based on their contribution to sustainability in tourism. We also shared EQUATIONS experience and recommendations on the issues and challenges in sustainable and community based tourism development in the context of the North East region. In that year we also submitted two proposals. On the invitation of Secretary Tourism, we submitted a proposal in association with Biodiversity Conservation (India) limited, to the Department of Tourism, Government of Nagaland to prepare a composite plan for making Khonoma an eco-destination. We also submitted a proposal to the Department of Tourism for taking up a pilot project involving Kohima Circuit as a model project of community based sustainable tourism in Nagaland under the scheme “Integrated Development of Tourism Circuits – North East circuit (Kohima)” under the central sector Ministry of Tourism Government of India.

Women from local communities attending workshop, Nagaland, 2004Our work in Khonoma in Nagaland (on the first proposal which was called “Khonoma Green Village project” 2003-04) aimed at transforming perspectives and paradigms about the way tourism is constructed and implemented. Our role was in   advising on and supervising implementation of ecologically sensitive and community managed tourism. We facilitated Environment Impact Assessment in the area with the involvement of a team of village youth to understand the potential environmental impacts of tourism in the region, and devise appropriate tourism products. Subsequently, some of the aspects of this project did not work out in tune with the principles that were originally planned, given the complex set of actors, stakeholders and dynamics in any such “multi-stakeholder” process. However this experience brought in many valuable paradigms and lessons. In the backdrop of the communitisation of tourism assets policy of the government of Nagaland, the aspect of community control and communities influencing the nature and implementation of tourism was one such key aspect. The other was the ecological sustainability of tourism infrastructure and products. The third was the need for tourism development to take into account the primary development needs of the community. Before rushing into souvenir shops and touristy products, the Khonoma green village project prioritised the quality of life issues of the villagers by introducing solar heating , pathways, management of waste and sanitation for the village communities first. These principles strongly influenced the design of the Endogenous Tourism project over several sites in rural India a few years later (2006-2009).

Khonoma Village View, Nagaland, 2004In 2003-04 EQUATIONS was also invited as a consultancy team member for the Tourism Sector Policy and strategy Development Programme for the Government of Nagaland. The consortium of UNDP – UNWTO ran the programme from November 2003 to June 2004 aiming at community development fostering community based tourism by maximising socio-economic benefits and minimising negative impacts. We also contributed to the State Human Development report in that year on tourism issues.

Two other issues we worked on are not specific to Nagaland alone but relate to the North East region as a whole. This pertains to the role of International Financial Organisations and their role in promoting tourism in the North Eastern region. In the Asian Development Bank’s sub-regional SASEC plan, tourism is one of the priority sectors identified. EQUATIONS in 2006, researched a paper on ADB-SASEC tourism plans for the NE and potential impacts, sharing critical perspectives on tourism and increasing awareness on its potential adverse impacts if unregulated. In a workshop “Understanding International Financial Institutions” at Mawlien, Meghalaya in April 2006 in a meeting organised by Intercultural Resources, River Basin Friends, Arunachal Pradesh Citizen’s Rights, CCDD, DICE Foundation, Forum for Indigenous Perspectives and Action, Peoples’ Movement for Subansiri Valley, Indigenous and Tribal Development Centre, Krishak Mukti Sangram Samiti and Centre for Peace and Development, North-eastern Social Research Center. The meeting was attended by a diverse range of people to share & debate on critical questions and to devise a long-term strategy to respond to developments in the region. Another workshop “Training and Capacity Building Workshops on Tourism in the North east”, Akajan, Assam in November 2006, furthered awareness and advocacy on tourism impacts in the NE. The workshops helped improve the understanding of groups working in the region on tourism, highlight critical issues and improve their local monitoring and research skills. An analysis of Manipur Tourism Policy (2006) was undertaken based on a request from our network partners in Manipur, to help them take mobilising and advocacy work further with the other partners and the state.

In 2008 we were engaged in two campaigns related to the promotion of tourism in the region. A campaign letter was sent to the Ministry for Development of the North Eastern Region (MDoNER) highlighting our concerns about the proposal of MDoNER of promoting the North- East as a destination for Leave Travel Concession (LTC) travellers. Our concern was based on our observation of the negative fallout of a similar strategy in the Andamans. Similarly a campaign letter questioning the withdrawal of the Inner Line Permit to facilitate tourism was based on the observation and position that in many North Eastern region states the Government at the centre and state level have not addressed long standing human rights violations and the imposition of draconian laws such as the Armed Forces Special Powers Act. These we believe are priorities in a region ridden by violence and conflict. A seemingly naïve approach to remove barriers to the promotion of tourism in the region without consideration of its linkages to the complex geo-political situation there is what we question.

Click on the ‘Resources’ tab above to read Nagaland related papers, publications and presentations.

Click on the ‘Key Interventions’ tab above to know about Nagaland related campaigns, events and interventions.
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